Dissertation structure

Dissertation structure

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Dissertation structure

In the classical sense, the dissertation includes the following elements: a title page, a table of contents, an introduction, the central part (usually four sections), conclusion, a list of references and applications. In addition to these elements, other sections may be included in the structure of the dissertation. It all depends on many parameters, such as the specifics of the chosen topic or the field of science that is being studied (medicine, economics, pedagogy). For example, the list of abbreviations is needed only if the candidate uses professional words. This is typical for medical subjects. Consider the main sections that should be in the dissertation.


The functions of the plan are often underestimated. It is used to:

  • assist the author in structuring his work on topics for a full and consistent study of the issue;
  • to help to evaluate the main elements of the thesis.

Each section has its subsections. Each content item is indicated with the page number on which the article begins.

Literature Review (first chapter)

Immediately after the introduction begins a review of the literature. Here the author analyzes the scientific sources of information on the topic of the candidate. It represents a detailed description of the subject and object of research, the degree of their knowledge in the modern world. The dissertation council will evaluate the applicant’s knowledge of the topic not only within the framework of the work but also within the whole branch of science.

If the work addresses several aspects of the problem, the chapter can be divided into separate paragraphs, each of which is written sequentially on one or another side of the issue. In this case, each item must be numbered.

Very often, it is impossible to write the first chapter until the whole dissertation has been completed. Therefore, as you write, the conclusions of the first chapter of the thesis can be supplemented and expanded.

An experienced applicant should know what should be in the dissertation. All dissertation work should have a consistent structure, be logically connected, and each section should flow from the previous one.

It is desirable that each section of the thesis had logical completeness, and the topic smoothly passed into the next section.